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Container Deposit Scheme

The NSW Government is delivering the largest litter reduction scheme ever
introduced in NSW. The scheme has been labelled Return and Earn. 
Return and Earn will roll out from 1 December 2017 and will help to reduce the 160
million drink containers littered in our environment each year. Drink containers make
up almost half of the volume of litter in NSW.
Return and Earn is part of the NSW Government’s commitment to reducing litter
volume in NSW by 40 per cent by 2020.
Key features of Return and Earn are:
• When the scheme is fully rolled out, there will be more than 500 collection points
across the state, including in remote towns of more than 500 people and at 270
sites across the Greater Sydney Region
• The 10-cent refund at reverse vending machines will be provided as a voucher for
in store redemption, electronic transfer, cash or may be donated to a community
• Eligible containers include most glass, cans, plastic and paperboard drink
containers between 150 millilitres and three litres – those most often found in the
litter stream.
How will this benefit my community?
The main beneficiaries of the scheme will be the environment and the community.
Over the next 20 years, the Scheme is expected to result in:
1. 1.6 billion fewer beverage containers being littered
2. Almost 11 billion fewer beverage containers ending up in landfill
3. 12.6 billion more beverage containers being recycled.
What containers are eligible?
Most empty 150-millilitre to 3 litre beverage containers will be eligible for a 10
cent refund when presented to an approved NSW collection point. There are some
exceptions, and containers not eligible for a refund are described below.
Container materials that may be eligible for a refund:
liquid paperboard
Non – eligible containers
Containers that are not included in the scheme and, therefore, do not qualify for a
refund are:
• plain milk (or milk substitute) containers
• flavoured milk containers of one litre or more
• pure fruit or vegetable juice containers of one litre or more
• glass containers for wine and spirits
• casks (plastic bladders in boxes) for wine and casks for water of one litre or more
• sachets for wine of 250 millilitres or more
• containers for cordials, and concentrated fruit/vegetable juices
• registered health tonics.
These drinks are predominantly consumed at home and are not found in the litter
stream. They are also broadly similar to the exceptions in the South Australian and
Northern Territory container deposit schemes, to aid consistency.
How do I participate?
From 1 December 2017, consumers can exchange an eligible container at an
approved collection point to receive a 10 cent refund per container. Containers
should be empty, uncrushed, unbroken and with the original label attached.
There will be more than 500 collection points across NSW that may include reverse
vending machines (RVMs) in your local shopping centre or shops, over the counter
sites, existing recycling centres, or a combination of all.
1. Where is my nearest collection point?
TOMRA Cleanaway will provide reverse vending machines in Armidale and Inverell. As at 30 November 2017 the location of the reverse vending machines in Armidale has not been determined. In Inverell a reverse vending machine is located at Woolworths.
Please visit the Return and Earn webpage to keep up to date with location development.  
2. How many collection points will there be across NSW?
There will be more than 500 Return and Earn collection points across NSW when the
scheme is fully rolled out. The Network Operator, TOMRA-Cleanaway, will be
finalising these locations over the coming months.
3. What will the operating hours for collection points be?
Regional area At least 24 ordinary hours each week,
including at least 8 weekend hours
4. From 1 December who do I call if my collection point is not open or my
RVM is broken?
The Network Operator, TOMRA-Cleanaway has a hotline number for people to call
with any queries, complaints or feedback about collection points. Please call 1800
290 691 or email
5. Can I still use my yellow bin for recycling?
Kerbside recycling remains very important to our community, and Return and Earn is
designed to complement this system. Eligible containers can continue to be placed in
the kerbside system, and kerbside recycling will continue to be important for
containers that are typically consumed at home, some of which aren’t eligible for a
refund within Return and Earn. 
You will not personally receive the refund if you put containers in kerbside recycling. 
6. What is a Reverse Vending Machine (RVM)?
A reverse vending machine (RVM) is the opposite of a drink dispensing machine. A
person places their empty eligible drink container into the machine, the container is
scanned to verify it is eligible and the person receives a voucher they can redeem for
cash in a store nearby. These machines are designed to not to hold cash for security
7. How do I get paid my refund?
Consumers that use an RVM to return their containers will have three options to
receive a refund payment:
1. Donating to a selected a charity
2. Receiving the refund into your registered account
3. Taking a voucher into the retail partner to either redeem for cash or use towards
your purchase
8. Can I crush my cans and bottles?
No. Do not crush containers prior to redeeming your refund. Containers, should be
empty, uncrushed, unbroken and with the original label attached. Containers must be
verified as eligible before a refund is paid.
9. Do I need to remove the lid from my container?
No. Bottles with lids can go through RVMs without difficulty. The lids are a valuable
resource and will be recycled too. We don’t want lids ending up as litter.
10. How do I become a collection point?
To register your interest to run a collection point visit the website of the Network
Operator, TOMRA-Cleanaway and fill out their online form:
11. How can my school or community group use Return and Earn to fund
• Charities, schools, community or sporting groups can collect donations of empty
eligible containers for the charity or community group to then redeem them at an
approved collection point.
• Charities, community groups and social enterprises can also work with the
Network Operator to set up and run collection points in exchange for a service